HYPOTENSION

 

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure (less than 90/60). Many people worry about low blood pressure, but probably don't need to.

Some people have a blood pressure level that is lower than normal. In general this may be good news - because the lower your blood pressure is, the lower your risk of stroke or heart disease. However, if your blood pressure drops too low, it can restrict the amount of blood flowing to your brain and other vital organs.

Causes

Some people have a blood pressure level that is naturally low. That is, there is no specific cause or reason why.

 

However, some health conditions or medicines can cause you to develop low blood pressure.

 

Conditions that can cause low blood pressure include:

  • Pregnancy.

  • Heart problems

  • Endocrine problems

  • Dehydration

  • Blood loss

  • Severe infection (septicemia)

  • Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)

  • Lack of nutrients in your diet

  • Certain medications

 

Symptoms

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • Fainting (syncope)

  • Blurred vision

  • Nausea

  • Fatigue

  • Lack of concentration

  • Confusion, especially in older people

  • Cold, clammy, pale skin

  • Rapid, shallow breathing

  • Weak and rapid pulse

Prevention

  • Drink more water, less alcohol

  • Eat a healthy diet

  • Pay attention to your body positions

  • Eat small, low-carb meals

 

Treatment

Low blood pressure that either doesn't cause signs or symptoms or causes only mild symptoms rarely requires treatment.

 

If you have symptoms, treatment depends on the underlying cause. For instance, when low blood pressure is caused by medications, treatment usually involves changing or stopping the medication or lowering the dose.

 

If it's not clear what's causing low blood pressure or no treatment exists, the goal is to raise your blood pressure and reduce signs and symptoms.

 

 

Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated June 03, 2017.

To learn more, click on 

https://www.staywellworld.org/post/2017/06/03/low-blood-pressure-hypotension

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